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Know Your Kidney

WORLD KIDNEY DAY

Today is World Kidney Day. Here are some important things that you should know about your kidneys.

Your kidneys have a lot of work to do. They remove waste and extra fluids from your body. They also keep your levels of salt and potassium in check. And they make hormones that help with blood pressure and making red blood cells.

Kidney-location

Your two kidneys are shaped like beans, and each is about the size of your fist

Your two kidneys are shaped like beans, and each is about the size of your fist. They’re located at the bottom of the rib cage on either side of your spine.

kidney-bathtub

Your kidneys sift through enough blood to fill a large bathtub every day. After the body takes what it needs, the kidneys turn the waste and extra water into urine — usually about 2 quarts’ worth a day.

kidney-stone

You may be more likely to get a kidney stone if other people in your family have had them.

Kidney stones form when there’s too much of a certain substance (like calcium) in your urine. They can stay in your kidney or travel down the urinary tract, where you’d pee it out. Kidney stones are different shapes and sizes. As painful as they can be to pass, the stones can be as tiny as a grain of sand or as big as a pearl — or rarely a golf ball. You may be more likely to get a kidney stone if other people in your family have had them.

kidney-diet-stone

Diet for kidney stone

Not drinking enough water and other fluids can lead to dehydration. That can damage your kidneys and even cause kidney stones. Take a look when you go to the bathroom: Is your urine clear to light yellow? It should be if you’re drinking enough liquids.

Kidney-cross-section

A cut-section view of kidney

Because it’s your kidney’s job to filter your blood, too much of anything in your bloodstream can be bad. Certain pain medicine — like aspirin, ibuprofen, paracetamol and naproxen — can damage your kidneys, especially if you take too much, too often. Don’t take more than the recommended dose on the label.

kidney shape

. You can give a kidney to a friend, family member, or even a stranger.

Thousands of people donate kidneys each year and stay healthy afterward. In fact, it’s the No. 1 most common organ donated in the world. You can give a kidney to a friend, family member, or even a stranger.

kidney-friendly-foods

Kidney Friendly Foods

Some people are born with one kidney. If one is missing, damaged, or removed, your other one can grow larger to become nearly the size of two kidneys. That helps it do the job of both.

kidney-water

Drink plenty of water.

For the health of your kidneys, drink plenty of water. And talk to your doctor if you use the drugs more than once in a while.

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